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What is Dyspraxia/Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD)?

Dyspraxia is a form of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) a difficulty that affects physical or motor co-ordination. This may appear to make individuals clumsy but it does vary in how it presents in individuals and the degree of severity. In technical terms it affects fine and/or gross motor coordination.

These are the fine movements and coordination of our fingers, hands, head, eyes that for example allow us for example to write and copy text from a board, draw a picture or place a peg in a hole. Gross motor skills are the larger movements of our arms, legs and body that enable us to walk, run or play games.

As with Dyslexia and other Specific Learning Difficulties DCD is a lifelong condition that can co-occur but it does occur across the range of intellectual abilities.

Children may present with difficulties with self-care, writing, typing, riding a bike and play as well as other educational and recreational activities. In adulthood many of these difficulties will continue, as well as learning new skills at home, in education and work, such as driving a car and DIY.

Dyspraxia as a form of DCD, refers to those who have additional problems planning, organising and carrying out movements in the right order in everyday situations. Dyspraxia can also affect articulation and speech, perception and thought.

The exact causes of Dyspraxia are unknown but it is though to be caused by a disruption in the way messages from the brain are transmitted to the body.

Further information can be found on the Dyspraxia Foundation website.

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